The difficulties of urban solid waste policies

Text by Artur Arakelyan, CEO of CETAB Amazon and creator of the project.


 In 2012, the largest landfill in South America was closed near Rio de Janeiro, and the cargo was distributed 75 kilometers from the city's waste processing plant. According to the program developed by the Brazilian authorities, all similar dumps should have been closed before 2014. However, this did not happen and the country still has about 3,000 landfills. In addition, each Brazilian produces about 378 kg of solid waste annually. The cost of removing waste from the territory of apartment buildings depends on the tariffs set by the management company for each specific building. A separate line on the receipt for payment for utilities, these costs do not appear. Thus, the TASS office in Brazil pays about 390 reais per month (just under US $ 100) under the article "Protection, cleaning, garbage collection", but it is not indicated how much of this amount is specifically used for garbage collection . It is only known that this value is calculated depending on the total area of ​​each office. No benefit is provided for your payment. As for the requirements for citizens, in residential buildings they must separate waste into organic and inorganic. The first must be thrown in the trash can, the second must be left in a special compartment from which the employees of the management company collect it. However, not everyone complies with this rule. At least at residents' meetings, calls are regularly made to install security cameras in order to deal with violators of the garbage collection rules. It is a matter of publicly condemning them or requiring the management company to introduce fines for inappropriate behavior. On some city streets, you can find separate collectors for glass, plastic and organic waste. However, this is an exception to the rule. Most of the time, ordinary plastic urns are a destination for any type of garbage. In addition, residents of the state of Rio de Janeiro have the opportunity to save due to more ecological consumption. Since 2009, merchants need to give discounts to customers who place their purchases in their own bags. However, the discount amount is only 0.03 reais (US $ 0.0086) for every five goods purchased. As this is an insignificant amount, the residents of Rio de Janeiro most of the time do not take advantage of the opportunity offered, and many do not even know it.